I am a die-hard animal lover, and I know how it is when my pet suffers an ailment; I know how much concerned others can be about their pets, especially when it is a medical condition among cats. The most common disease found in domestic/tamed cats is feline diabetes. Feline diabetes, also known as sugar diabetes is one complex but a common disorder found in the cats, especially in older cats above the age of seven years and above. Many components consumed in the diet such as fats, carbohydrates, and proteins undergo a break-down process and are further utilized by cells in the body.
Glucose is an important component of our diet that also undergoes the same break-down process, and insulin is a hormone that is responsible for regulation and absorption of glucose from the blood. When the body stops producing and utilizing the hormone – insulin in a deficient or an ineffective manner; the sugar level increases in the bloodstream and urine. This condition is called ‘diabetes mellitus’ or type-2 diabetes. The causes, symptoms, effects and diabetes cure are similar in human as well as in cats. One in 400 cats these days suffer from this medical condition.
Causes and Symptoms
There are various reasons responsible for diabetes in cats, but the most common ones among them are listed below. There are major classical signs also that show prevailing diabetes mellitus in cats; those are also listed below:
- Inflammation of the pancreas
- Overactive thyroid gland
- Stressful and hygienic ambience
- Increased rate of metabolism
- Allergic reaction due to certain drugs Symptoms
- Increase in thirst and urination
- Increase in ravenous appetite
- Weakness in rear legs and lethargic behaviour
- Thinning of skin and dehydration
- Ketoacidosis due to inability of glucose metabolism
Treatment for Feline Diabetes
Most aged cats are diagnosed with type-2 diabetes at a stage when they become completely dependent on insulin injections; but yes, feline diabetes is a curable disorder in cats. Proper diagnosis through a certified veterinarian, proper dietary management, and appropriate medication are ideal for a diabetes cure in feline.
The first step a cat owner must take after seeing the above symptoms in his/her cat must be going to a certified veterinarian and getting a few tests done for proper diabetic treatment. The amount of insulin to be injected in a cat will completely depend on this diagnosis. Oral medication also may be prescribed by the vet as a part of the treatment.
A proper and a regulated diet is the most important factor in the process of treating feline diabetes. The recent studies show that a diet with high protein and low-carbohydrate diet is favorable for cats suffering from diabetes. Protein takes a longer time to convert into glucose in the blood as compared to carbohydrates. Dry foods, rich in carbohydrates are not recommended for cats suffering feline diabetes; a cat shouldn’t take more than 9% calories from carbohydrates.
Insulin Injections and Oral Medication
‘Animal insulin’ injection dosages are prescribed as a diabetes cure in cats. Insulin is injected twice daily in small doses in most cases to regulate the blood sugar levels in cats.
Again this completely depends on the medical condition of the cat and diagnosis of the veterinarian. Certain vitamin oral drugs may also be prescribed to treat neuropathy in cats and also for their overall well-being.