The UK has voted to exit the European Union in the referendum conducted on June 23rd. There are many reasons behind the UK to choose Brexit, the most important one being the ‘EU Common Law’. The EU common law was drafted as a part of the ‘Treaty of European Union’ when the EU was formed in 1957. This treaty was signed by all the countries who are members of the European Union. The common law was last updated in 2009, which is its latest version.
The EU common law is always above a country’s domestic legislation. If a country in the European Union frames any law or regulation for its welfare, then it is overridden by the EU common law or can be opposed by other member nations. The following scenarios concerning the EU common law have made the UK opt for Brexit.
1. Free Movement Labor and Goods
Within the EU, there is no restriction of movement of labor or goods. No visa is required to travel within the EU countries. Anyone can move to another country within the EU for job-related purposes and can settle down in that country itself, no questions asked. All the national laws and benefits which the country provides for its citizens apply to immigrants as well.
2. Shifting of Laws to EU
In recent days, all the major rules have been turned to the EU. Even though UK is an influential member of the EU, it does not have a say in it. If the UK wants a law to be brought to enforcement for its people, then the EU can override it. For instance, if the UK wants to set norms for automobile safety or emission control for the vehicles running in the UK, then Germany, the leading auto manufacturer can oppose this law.
If Germany makes the EU pass a law to set a standard for vehicle emission, and EU approves it as the law, then the UK also has to abide by it. Hence, UK loses its sovereignty to set laws for its citizens.
3. EU’s Stringent Rules
EU’s regulations were started to be seen as a burden on the UK public. For instance, in the UK there was a discussion going on in the parliament whether to give a driving license or to not to people who are diabetic, as a measure of safety for them and the pedestrians. The EU interfered and had said that the UK has to issue driving license and permit diabetic patients to drive, except for exceptional cases.
The EU has also got very strict rules on the purity of drinking water which can be consumed and the purity of water for taking a bath. Also, in 2013, the EU has banned the usage of several electric appliances as a measure of conserving electricity. These devices include hair dryer, electric kettle and vacuum cleaner, which cannot be used and has to be replaced by energy efficient substitutes if one needs to use them.
All the above factors are one of the main reasons for the UK to choose referendum and opt for Brexit.
The EU common law has taken too much control over the UK and has made it lose its freedom and sovereignty. When the UK could no more take in the pressure, it has opted for a referendum, leading to Brexit.