Goldfish are well known fancy little pets that are trouble-free in nature, as long as we equip them with a favourable environment to live in; they are temperate fish found in lakes, ponds and cool streams and are known to live for almost five decades if are given optimum care and a hale and hearty environment.
Aquarium Requirements for Goldfish – Goldfish Care
Most common goldfish are Asian Carp and Carassius Auratus; these are bred in variant colours, sizes and shapes for hobbyists, like us, today. Previously, I discussed in general of how we can take care of our little angels, goldfish; however, this article is a continuation to the previous one describing in details of how to create and sustain an overwhelming aquarium for our goldfish. Please follow the aquarium requirements for goldfish below in this blog:
Choose a spacious fish tank – Although, anciently goldfish were kept in small bowls, but that isn’t the right way of nurturing them; if you have one goldfish, we must have a fish tank which can hold up to a minimum of 56.70 litres of water; for every additional goldfish, water addition of a minimum 37.80 litres is a must. This is one of the most important aquarium requirements for goldfish.
Each goldfish tends to grow around 10 – 12 inches in length and sometimes even more; if we do not provide them with sufficient space, they might die. The smaller the space, the faster are the changes for ammonia to build up. To increase the life quality and span of our goldfish, it is necessary that we provide them a decent size of an aquarium.
Use decent-sized gravel in the fish tank – Goldfish tends to swallow gravel; thereby, it is essential that we choose the right size to put in the aquarium. Either choose large gravel rocks that are too big for goldfish to swallow; or choose minute ones that could easily pass through their food pipes. I would recommend the large ones; why take a chance?
Goldfish love to dig for fallen food into the gravel; thereby, you need to put clean gravel inside the fish tank. A suggestion for all those who have bought new gravel: soak the gravel in some water for a day prior to letting them inside the fish tank; this will drain out all the impurities and aid goldfish to flourish in a healthy environment. Do not use soap for any cleaning procedures.
Give the fish tank a lively ambience – Decorate the fish tank from inside; give goldfish a chance to discover its new home. We can use various things for aquarium decoration, which may include rock; wooden centre piece; artificial plants and red plants, as long as they do not hold sharp edges and aren’t hollow. I am sure, we don’t want our little ones to get hurt, nor do we want them to suffer any possible ailments that may occur due to the growing bacteria inside the hollow decorative. We may use artificial plant as they wouldn’t grow any further in the tank, while we may use red plants as they possess the tendency to absorb excess nitrates, nitrites and ammonia accumulated in the fish tank.
Goldfish do not require light, but we do; it is essential that we have good amount of light equipped on the aquarium so that we can see our fish better and more beautiful. I recommend using fluorescent colour lights for making the goldfish colours flash-out. These little creatures like around 12 hours of darkness and 12 hours of light; thereby, keep the aquarium lit up for approximately nine to twelve hours daily.
Attach a water filter to the aquarium – Goldfish need a water filter to prevent the water from toxins; an ideal filter that may be used is the one that can breakdown goldfish’s waste; can trap excess fish food and larger particles; can remove discoloration and odour in water; and can absorb other organic wastes such as carbon or minerals. While the water filter does its job, we need to make sure that we keep the filter in good condition, every time we make use of it.
Select a water filter that produces minimal current in the aquarium, so that it keeps it easy for the goldfish to swim around. Don’t make use of tap water as the chlorine inside the water will kill our goldfish; pet stores have water available, that is suitable for fish tanks.
One fish-less water cycle is a must prior to welcoming goldfish inside the tank – Many-a-times, we see that our innocent pets tend to die as soon as they are introduced in a new fish tank; do you know the reason, why? This is because they are poisoned by excessive ammonia and nitrate present in the water. We need to make sure that environment in the fish tank is ready to accommodate goldfish within; for this, we need to make sure that the ammonia and nitrate levels are adequate in the fish tank.
Ammonia, pH, nitrite, and nitrate water test kit shall help us regulate this process; the ideal levels for ammonia and nitrite should be 0, while for nitrate should not exceed 20. Keep the cycle going: add ammonia drops continuously; this will boost up the nitrite process, which will, in turn, develop nitrates in the water; good amount of nitrates are essential for our fish tanks as they help in the elimination of ammonia and nitrites inside the water.
By now, we have done our jobs; we have understood the aquarium requirements for goldfish and have implemented it for our little ones. It’s time now for the fish to enjoy in their new homes!